VOIP Service Information
Internet telephony provides a reliable, cost-effective means by which organizations may extend multi-user and multi-level customer entry control; by providing for managed roaming and bridging of PSTNs; and achieving high-speed video access. Internet telephony has the following features: call capability through an Internet connection, peer-to-peer (P2P) messaging, and end-to-end real-time data interchange (RX-IQ). The term Internet telephony began to enter into the general lexicon in the mid-1990s. The Internet Protocol was discovered in 1982 by researchers at the University of California at Berkeley. There grew from two to hundreds of networking protocols at the time of the initial release of the Internet Protocol and the World Wide Web’s birth. One of the advantages of the Internet protocol over other forms of telecommunications, like telephones, is that it provides a valuable means of access to global resources. Many organizations have realized this advantage and have attempted to harness this connectivity to provide reliable service over scarce Internet links. This broadband telephony does not employ conventional telephone equipment or networks. Internet telephony works by having multiple locations connect over the internet to a single network administrator’s phone system. Digital subscriber line (DSL) data communication is exchanged among these two locations in a managed and secure way while offering exceptional quality of service to end-users at both ends.
Patent Term The term “patent term” describes the period over which a patent owner gains exclusive rights to its invention. For each innovation, a 4-year maximum term of protection is set out. The Patents Act of 1992 provides for the duration of protection of a patent to begin on the date identified on the patent application, regardless of the patent’s validity. For patents granted before the enactment of the Patents Act, the first patent application to apply for a patent is considered the first application for the particular invention. There is no longer any statutory requirement that the patent be filed within two years after the patent expires by these legislative provisions. The term of protection of the patent is then determined by the incorporated law of the state in which the inventors or their predecessors lived when the patent was filed or first authorized. Some of the uses of patent terms reflect their historical context. Before 1803, patent defendant’s costs of suit were limited to proof of the invention. Similarly, any patent owner that secured a story before 1861 was named as Attorney and Jury. For patents issued prior to 1893, patent defendants were required to show actual use, which generally meant that the owner had to serve some time in court to prove that the patent was valid. The patent term worked since 2001 In 2005, and the U.S. Congress amended the patent laws which eliminated a “, only reports of actual use” requirement, thus permitting patent holders to obtain a patent authorization immediately (within a given two-year period), without having to prove actual use. Once a patent holder has put their invention into production or has commenced production of their product and is taking steps to market their product for sale, they may no longer need to report actual use to obtain a patent. The term of the patent expired on December 22, 2011.